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吴克祥 姚娆

引用本文: 吴克祥,姚娆. 高尔夫球员球场上交往理性与自律意向: 基于计划行为理论拓展模型分析. 欢乐牛牛, 2020, 37(0): 1-11 doi: shu
Citation:  WU K X, YAO R. Golfer’s communicative rationality and self-discipline intention on the golf course: Analysis based on an expanded model of the theory of planned behavior. Pratacultural Science, 2020, 37(0): 1-11 doi: shu

高尔夫球员球场上交往理性与自律意向: 基于计划行为理论拓展模型分析

    通讯作者: 吴克祥,
  • 基金项目: 广东高水平大学建设基金(88018052)

摘要: 基于计划行为理论(theory of planned behavior, TPB)拓展模型,探讨高尔夫球员球场行为自律的影响因素,为其行为自律的引导提供参考。采用实地调研和问卷星线上发放问卷两种方式,取得了358份样本,利用结构方程模型对样本数据进行了分析。结果显示,高尔夫球员的主观规范、知觉行为控制与自律意向呈正相关关系,并验证了交往理性对高尔夫球员的自律意向有显著影响,高尔夫球会监督情景在影响高尔夫球员自律意向方面起着关键调节作用。研究结果表明,高尔夫球员对高尔夫规则、礼仪的认可和高尔夫文化理解是建立规范信念、形成自我约束力的基础,高尔夫球员的球技水平和参与赛事的机会是激发自律行为的内在动力,增强自律意向和观念的保证;球员之间在球场理性交往,言行的合理性是形成行为自律的内在动力;球会管理制度是自律倾向较弱的球员促进行为自律的重要手段。本研究从球员和球会两个方面提出了相关建议,以促进球员在球场上理性、自律,共同营造高尔夫球场公平的竞赛氛围和环境。

English

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  • 亚博滚球

    图 1  本研究理论模型

    Figure 1.  The theoretical model for this paper

    图 2  本文理论模型检验

    Figure 2.  亚博滚球 Results of the tests of the theoretical model

    表 1  问卷题项来源表

    Table 1.  The Source of the Items in the Questionnaire

    潜变量
    Hypothetical variables
    观测变量(题项)
    Observational variables(Items)
    行为态度 AB AB1: 球场上我会坚持“快走慢打”
    AB1: I will stick to "go fast and play slow" on the course
    AB3: 我们会让打得快的组优先通过
    AB3: We will let the group that plays faster pass first
    AB2: 每次击球铲起草坪后我会主动修补打痕
    AB2: I will take the initiative to repair the scratches every time I hit the ball to shovel the lawn
    AB4: 球场竞赛中我不会给同组球员助言
    AB4: I will not send a message to players in the same group during the competition
    主观规范 SN SN7: 高尔夫赛事规则和要求对我有影响
    SN7: The rules and requirements of the golf tournament affect me
    SN6: 球童提醒我遵守球场规则和场地要求会影响我
    SN6: The caddie reminds me that following the rules and field requirements will affect me
    SN5: 同组球员要求竞技过程中严格执行高尔夫规则
    SN5: Players in the same group require strict implementation of golf rules during the competition
    知觉行为控制 PBC PBC10: 我的打球经历越多,对高尔夫规则越了解
    PBC10: The more I play, the better I understand the rules of golf
    PBC9: 我在场地上会习惯地按规则处理问题
    PBC9: I will deal with the problem according to the rules of the course
    PBC8: 球场上球友的反复提醒我的行为越来越规范
    PBC8: The players on the course repeatedly reminded me, and my behavior is becoming increasingly standardized
    PBC12: 球技水平的提高减少了我在球场上不规范行为
    PBC12: The improvement of my skills has reduced my irregular behavior on the course
    PBC11: 参与赛事越多我越能感知到行为规范的重要性
    PBC11: The more I participate in the competition, the more I can perceive the importance of the code of conduct
    自律意向 SI SI3: 我会本着为他人着想,管控自己言行
    SI3: I will control my words and deeds for the sake of others
    SI1: 我会公平竞赛,真实记录成绩,做到诚实可信
    SI1: I will play fair, record the results truly, and be honest and credible
    SI4: 我会管理好时间,凡事要预订时间并提前到达
    SI4: I will manage my time well; I need to book a time in advance and arrive early
    SI2: 我会在事前理性思考,按规则要求处理问题
    SI2: I will think rationally beforehand and deal with any problems according to the rules
    交往理性 CR CR7: 我在球场交往中会理解球场文化,融入其中
    CR7: I am able to understand the culture of the pitch through my interactions and blend in
    CR8: 我在交往中会根据对方语境了解真实表达意图
    CR8: I will understand the true expression of intention according to the other party's context while communicating
    CR6: 我在交往中必要时会自觉解释清楚我的言行
    CR6: I will consciously explain my words and deeds when necessary
    CR5: 我在交往中会与同伴达成行为共识
    CR5: I will reach a consensus of behavior with my peers
    外部情景 ES ES1: 球会严格制度规定对我的行为有影响 ES1: The strict rules of the club will affect my behavior
    ES2: 巡场公正处理球场上的违规行为对我有影响
    ES2: The fairness of patrols dealing with on-course violations affects me
    ES3: 球场详细的当地规则会减少我的不合规行为 ES3: Detailed local rules of the stadium will reduce my non-compliance behavior
     该表观测变量的排序按照探索因子分析结果进行排序,旋转后的因子载荷数值高者在先。
     Observations in this table are ranked according to the results of the exploratory factor analysis, with the rotated factor loadings with the highest values listed first. AB: attitude toward the behavior; SN: subject norm; PBC: perceived behavioral control; SI: self-discipline intention; CR: communicative rationality; ES: external settings; this is applicable for the following figures and tables as well.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2  亚博滚球 验证性因子分析结果及组合信效度

    Table 2.  Confirmatory factor analysis and construct reliability

    因子
    Factor
    估计值标准误差
    S.E.
    临界比
    C.R.
    显著性
    P
    标准化因素负荷
    Estimate
    多元平方相关
    SMC
    组合信度
    CR
    收敛信度
    AVE
    行为态度 AB AB1 0.832 0.692 0.892 0.673
    AB2 0.054 17.364 *** 0.810 0.656
    AB3 0.057 18.211 *** 0.840 0.705
    AB4 0.051 17.049 *** 0.799 0.638
    主观规范 SN SN5 0.755 0.570 0.822 0.606
    SN6 0.073 13.812 *** 0.802 0.643
    SN7 0.075 13.528 *** 0.778 0.605
    知觉行为控制 PBC PBC8 0.720 0.519 0.856 0.542
    PBC9 0.069 13.517 *** 0.765 0.584
    PBC10 0.083 13.55 *** 0.766 0.587
    PBC11 0.072 12.628 *** 0.713 0.508
    PBC12 0.081 12.700 *** 0.717 0.514
    自律意向 SI SI1 0.844 0.713 0.875 0.638
    SI2 0.068 14.812 *** 0.705 0.497
    SI3 0.05 19.218 *** 0.847 0.717
    SI4 0.052 17.365 *** 0.790 0.624
    交往理性 CR CR5 0.791 0.504 0.848 0.582
    CR6 0.068 15.572 *** 0.798 0.562
    CR7 0.064 14.518 *** 0.750 0.636
    CR8 0.066 13.638 *** 0.710 0.626
     S.E., standard error of the estimate; C.R., critical radio; SMC, squared multiple correlations; CR, composite reliability; AVE, average variance extracted.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 3  相关性分析

    Table 3.  Correlation analysis

    因子
    Factor
    均值 ± 标准偏差
    M ± SD
    行为态度
    AB
    主观规范
    SN
    知觉行为
    控制 PBC
    自律意向
    SI
    交往理性
    CR
    外部情景
    ES
    行为态度 AB4.00 ± 1.031
    主观规范 SN3.92 ± 0.940.0531
    行为知觉控制 PBC4.10 ± 0.740.367**0.559**1
    自律意向 SI4.40 ± 0.680.407**0.386**0.610**1
    交往理性 CR4.31 ± 0.700.407**0.285**0.516**0.717**1
    外部情景 ES4.30 ± 0.740.396**0.247**0.442**0.642**0.723**1
     M: mean; SD: standard deviation.
    *P < 0.05;** P < 0.01;*** P < 0.001.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 4  模型整体适配度拟合结果

    Table 4.  Model fit summary

    卡方差异值
    CMIN
    自由度
    DF
    卡方/自由度
    CMIN/DF
    绝对适配度指标增值适配度指标
    GFIAGFIRMSEACFITLI
    476.5561602.9780.8730.8340.0740.9230.909
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 5  模型路径及估计参数结果

    Table 5.  Results of the path analysis for the influence of each variable on self-disciplinary intention

    估计值标准误差 SE临界比 C.R.P标准化因素负荷 Estimate
    行为态度→自律意向(AB→SI) 0.033 1.288 0.198 0.065
    主观规范→自律意向(SN→SI) 0.053 1.651 0.099 0.112
    知觉行为控制→自律意向(PBC→SI) 0.081 2.985 0.003 0.251
    理性交往→自律意向(CR→ SI) 0.073 8.897 *** 0.589
     *P < 0.05;** P < 0.01;*** P < 0.001.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 6  模型汇总

    Table 6.  Model summary

    项目 Item决定系数 R决定系数平方 R2决定系数平方改变量 R2-chngFP
    主观规范→自律意图 SN→SI 0.737 4 0.543 8 0.073 6 295.300 3 0.000
    知觉行为控制→自律意向 PBC→SI 0.765 3 0.585 6 0.040 8 401.215 7 0.000
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 7  亚博滚球 调节效应检验

    项目
    Item
    斜率
    Coffee
    标准化误差
    S.E.
    T检验
    t
    P检验区间
    LLCIULCI
    主观规范 × 外部情景 SN × ES −0.172 6 0.024 9 −6.931 0 0.000 0 −0.221 5 −0.123 6
    知觉行为控制 × 外部情景 PBC × ES −0.133 5 0.031 5 −4.242 1 0.000 0 −0.195 4 −0.071 6
    下载: 导出CSV
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                        • 通讯作者:  吴克祥,
                        • 收稿日期:  2019-05-08
                        • 网络出版日期:  2019-11-30
                        通讯作者: 陈斌,
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